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Sample-efficient device-independent quantum state verification and certification

Abstract : Authentication of quantum sources is a crucial task in building reliable and efficient protocols for quantum-information processing. Steady progress vis-à-vis verification of quantum devices in the scenario with fully characterized measurement devices has been observed in recent years. When it comes to the scenario with uncharacterized measurements, the so-called black-box scenario, practical verification methods are still rather scarce. Development of self-testing methods is an important step forward, but these results so far have been used for reliable verification only by considering the asymptotic behavior of large, identically and independently distributed (IID) samples of a quantum resource. Such strong assumptions deprive the verification procedure of its truly device-independent character. In this paper, we develop a systematic approach to device-independent verification of quantum states free of IID assumptions in the finite copy regime. Remarkably, we show that device-independent verification can be performed with optimal sample efficiency. Finally, for the case of independent copies, we develop a device-independent protocol for quantum state certification: a protocol in which a fragment of the resource copies is measured to warrant the rest of the copies to be close to some target state.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 22, 2022 - 2:44:47 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 5, 2022 - 9:31:56 AM

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Aleksandra Gočanin, Ivan Šupić, Borivoje Dakić. Sample-efficient device-independent quantum state verification and certification. PRX Quantum, 2022, 3 (1), pp.010317. ⟨10.1103/PRXQuantum.3.010317⟩. ⟨hal-03584440⟩



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