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Aversive View Memory and Navigational Risk Sensitivity in the Desert Ant, Cataglyphis Velox

Abstract : Abstract Many ants establish foraging routes through learning views of the visual panorama. Route models have focused primarily on attractive view use, which experienced foragers orient towards to return to known sites. However, aversive views have recently been uncovered as a key component of route learning. Here, Cataglyphis velox rapidly learned aversive views, when associated with a negative outcome, a period of captivity in brush, triggering an increase in hesitation behavior. These memories were based on the accumulation of experiences over multiple trips with each new experience regulating forager’s hesitancy. Foragers were also sensitive to captivity time differences, suggesting they possess some mechanism to quantify duration. Finally, we analyzed foragers’ perception of risky (i.e. variable) versus stable aversive outcomes by associating two sites along the route with distinct captivity schedules, a fixed or variable duration, with the same mean across training. Foragers exhibited significantly less hesitation to the risky outcome compared to the fixed, indicating they perceived risky outcomes as less severe. Results align with a logarithmic relationship between captivity duration and hesitations, suggesting that aversive stimulus perception is a logarithm of its actual value. We conclude by characterizing how these behaviors can be executed within the mushroom bodies’ neural circuitry.
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Preprints, Working Papers, ...
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03431211
Contributor : antoine wystrach Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 16, 2021 - 3:28:43 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 1, 2022 - 4:26:35 AM

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Cody Freas, Antoine Wystrach, Sebastian Schwarz, Marcia Spetch. Aversive View Memory and Navigational Risk Sensitivity in the Desert Ant, Cataglyphis Velox. 2021. ⟨hal-03431211⟩

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