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Three-dimensional dynamics of a pair of deformable bubbles rising initially in line. Part 1. Moderately inertial regimes

Abstract : The buoyancy-driven motion of two identical gas bubbles released in line in a liquid at rest is examined with the help of highly resolved simulations, focusing on moderately inertial regimes in which the path of an isolated bubble is vertical. Assuming first an axisymmetric evolution, equilibrium configurations of the bubble pair are determined as a function of the buoyancy-to-viscous and buoyancy-to-capillary force ratios which define the Galilei (Ga) and Bond (Bo) numbers of the system, respectively. The three-dimensional solutions reveal that this axisymmetric equilibrium is actually never reached. Instead, provided Bo stands below a critical Ga-dependent threshold determining the onset of coalescence, two markedly different evolutions are observed. At the lower end of the explored (Ga, Bo)-range, the tandem follows a drafting–kissing–tumbling scenario, which eventually yields a planar side-by-side motion. For larger Ga, the trailing bubble drifts laterally and gets out of the wake of the leading bubble, barely altering the path of the latter. In this second scenario, the late configuration is characterized by a significant inclination of the tandem ranging from 30◦ to 40◦ with respect to the vertical. Bubble deformation has a major influence on the evolution of the system. It controls the magnitude of vortical effects in the wake of the leading bubble, hence the strength of the attractive force acting on the trailing bubble. It also governs the strength and even the sign of the lateral force acting on this bubble, a mechanism of particular importance when the tandem is released with a small angular deviation.
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Submitted on : Monday, October 18, 2021 - 11:35:25 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 1, 2022 - 4:03:03 AM
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Jie Zhang, Ming-Jiu Ni, Jacques Magnaudet. Three-dimensional dynamics of a pair of deformable bubbles rising initially in line. Part 1. Moderately inertial regimes. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2021, 920, pp.A16. ⟨10.1017/jfm.2021.429⟩. ⟨hal-03382547⟩



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