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Kinetics and mechanisms of stress relaxation in sputtered silver thin films

Abstract : The post-growth stress relaxation in thin polycrystalline Ag films, deposited by direct-current magnetron sputtering under different growth conditions, was explored through wafer curvature measurements. It exhibits exponential behaviour with three distinct characteristic time components τ. The slowest one, namely τ th ≃ 200 s, is ascribed to thermal stress inherent to the deposition method. In fact, the performed temperature measurements match perfectly with an exponential stress variation with heating or cooling, as predicted by a thermal exchange model detailed in this work. Based on a comparison between different deposition conditions (continuous/interrupted sputter deposition and evaporation), the case of Mo deposition and stress relaxation modelling, the remaining components are assigned to the out-diffusion of atoms from grain boundaries ( τ gb ≃ 3 s) and to changes in the grain surface shape induced by grain boundary grooving ( τ sur f ≃ 20 s). The relaxation amplitude of the first mechanism varies linearly with the steady-state stress at the end of growth in agreement with theoretical expectations. Yet, that of the second one does not. However, clues point to a kinetic limitation of atomic diffusion mechanism along grain boundaries. This study provides proofs of the simultaneous occurrence of several mechanisms of stress relaxation in thin metallic films.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03381625
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Submitted on : Sunday, October 17, 2021 - 3:31:22 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 14, 2022 - 9:38:04 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, January 18, 2022 - 6:16:17 PM

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Quentin Hérault, Iryna Gozhyk, Matteo Balestrieri, Hervé Montigaud, Sergey Grachev, et al.. Kinetics and mechanisms of stress relaxation in sputtered silver thin films. Acta Materialia, Elsevier, 2021, pp.117385. ⟨10.1016/j.actamat.2021.117385⟩. ⟨hal-03381625⟩

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