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The human gut microbiome and health inequities

Katherine Amato 1 Marie-Claire Arrieta 2 Meghan Azad 3, 4 Michael Bailey 5, 6 Josiane Broussard 7 Carlijn Bruggeling 8 Erika Claud 9 Elizabeth Costello 10 Emily Davenport 11 Bas Dutilh 12, 13 Holly Swain Ewald 14 Paul Ewald 14 Erin Hanlon 9 Wrenetha Julion 15 Ali Keshavarzian 16 Corinne Maurice 17 Gregory Miller 1 Geoffrey Preidis 18, 19 Laure L. Segurel 20 Burton Singer 21 Sathish Subramanian 22, 23 Liping Zhao 24, 25 Christopher Kuzawa 1 
Abstract : Individuals who are minoritized as a result of race, sexual identity, gender, or socioeconomic status experience a higher prevalence of many diseases. Understanding the biological processes that cause and maintain these socially driven health inequities is essential for addressing them. The gut microbiome is strongly shaped by host environments and affects host metabolic, immune, and neuroendocrine functions, making it an important pathway by which differences in experiences caused by social, political, and economic forces could contribute to health inequities. Nevertheless, few studies have directly integrated the gut microbiome into investigations of health inequities. Here, we argue that accounting for host–gut microbe interactions will improve understanding and management of health inequities, and that health policy must begin to consider the microbiome as an important pathway linking environments to population health.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 8, 2021 - 10:33:45 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 7, 2022 - 6:04:41 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, January 9, 2022 - 6:31:59 PM


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Katherine Amato, Marie-Claire Arrieta, Meghan Azad, Michael Bailey, Josiane Broussard, et al.. The human gut microbiome and health inequities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, National Academy of Sciences, 2021, 118 (25), pp.e2017947118. ⟨10.1073/pnas.2017947118⟩. ⟨hal-03369892⟩



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