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Post Creolisation Evolution: the case of Santomense

Abstract : Rougé & Schang (2006) conclude their paper with the following claims : “We cannot thus study the creolisation of Saotomense if one begins with the assumption that the present data is the direct result of this process, considered as a separation from the lexifier language. Nor can we conclude that the evolution of Saotomense is towards decreolisation. On the contrary, we can witness an autonomous evolution, under several influences, including that of Portuguese.” While this conclusion meets other similar analyses on different Creoles (see Good 2009 for instance), it is only based on the analysis of the liquid consonant and therefore deserves to be supported by other data. In this paper, we provide grammatical and historical data that corroborate this hypothesis on the following matters: − evolution in consonant clusters (xtl,etc.) and vowels (ai,ali > ε) as in: xtlada 'road' (from Pt estrada); kinte 'backyard' (from Pt quintal). In these two examples, it is possible to reconstruct protoforms from which the present segments derive: *sitlada ; *kintali. It illustrates an evolution made independently from Portuguese. − double negation: na...fa 'negation' also illustrates an independent evolution. − TMA markers: Saotomense has pre-verbal markers that result from the grammaticalisation of Portuguese verbs or expressions. For instance, kia V 'to almost V' is a reinterpretation of the Portuguese queria V . The analyses to be developed in this communication support Rougé & Schang's hypothesis and argue that decreolisation, while also attested in Saotomense, is not the only an ineluctable phenomenon at work in the situation of contact.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 20, 2021 - 3:10:56 PM
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  • HAL Id : hal-03349444, version 1



Rougé Jean-Louis, Emmanuel Schang. Post Creolisation Evolution: the case of Santomense. Ninth Creolistics Workshop Contact languages in a global context: past and present & The Second Aarhus University Symposium on Connections between Second Language Acquisition and Contact Language Development, Apr 2012, Aarhus, Denmark. ⟨hal-03349444⟩



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