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Selectivity in the Ligand Functionalization of Photocatalytic Metal Oxide Nanoparticles for Phase Transfer and Self‐Assembly Applications

Abstract : The functionalization of photocatalytic metal oxide nanoparticles of TiO2, ZnO, WO3 and CuO with amine-terminated (oleylamine) and thiol-terminated (dodecane-1-thiol) alkyl-chain ligands was studied under ambient conditions. A high selectivity was observed in the binding specificity of a ligand towards nanoparticles of these different oxides. It was observed that oleylamine binds stably to only TiO2 and WO3, whereas dodecane-1-thiol binds stably only to ZnO and CuO. Similarly, polar-to-nonpolar solvent phase transfer of TiO2 and WO3 nanoparticles could be achieved by using oleylamine, but not dodecane-1-thiol, whereas the opposite holds for ZnO and CuO. The surface chemistry of ligand-functionalized nanoparticles was probed by attenuated total reflectance (ATR)-FTIR spectroscopy, which enabled the occupation of the ligands at the active sites to be elucidated. The photostability of the ligands on the nanoparticle surface was determined by the photocatalytic self-cleaning properties of the material. Although TiO2 and WO3 degrade the ligands within 24 h under both UV and visible light, ligands on ZnO and CuO remain unaffected. The gathered insights are also highly relevant from an application point of view. As an example, because the ligand-functionalized nanoparticles are hydrophobic in nature, they can be self-assembled at the air-water interface to give nanoparticle films with demonstrated photocatalytic as well as anti-fogging properties.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03348055
Contributor : Rituraj Borah Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, September 17, 2021 - 4:50:59 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 17, 2021 - 5:02:00 PM

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Rituraj Borah, Rajeshreddy Ninakanti, Gert Nuyts, Hannelore Peeters, Adrián Pedrazo‐tardajos, et al.. Selectivity in the Ligand Functionalization of Photocatalytic Metal Oxide Nanoparticles for Phase Transfer and Self‐Assembly Applications. Chemistry - A European Journal, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2021, 27 (35), pp.9011-9021. ⟨10.1002/chem.202100029⟩. ⟨hal-03348055⟩

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