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Phase-Sensitive Vector Terahertz Electrometry from Precision Spectroscopy of Molecular Ions

Abstract : This article proposes a new method for sensing THz waves that can allow electric field measurements traceable to the International System of Units and to the fundamental physical constants by using the comparison between precision measurements with cold trapped HD+ ions and accurate predictions of molecular ion theory. The approach exploits the lightshifts induced on the two-photon rovibrational transition at 55.9 THz by a THz wave around 1.3 THz, which is off-resonantly coupled to the HD+ fundamental rotational transition. First, the direction and the magnitude of the static magnetic field applied to the ion trap is calibrated using Zeeman spectroscopy of HD+. Then, a set of lightshifts are converted into the amplitudes and the phases of the THz electric field components in an orthogonal laboratory frame by exploiting the sensitivity of the lightshifts to the intensity, the polarization and the detuning of the THz wave to the HD+ energy levels. The THz electric field measurement uncertainties are estimated for quantum projection noise-limited molecular ion frequency measurements with the current accuracy of molecular ion theory. The method has the potential to improve the sensitivity and accuracy of electric field metrology and may be extended to THz magnetic fields and to optical fields.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03335640
Contributor : Florin Lucian Constantin Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, September 23, 2021 - 6:06:49 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 4:16:15 AM

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Florin Lucian Constantin. Phase-Sensitive Vector Terahertz Electrometry from Precision Spectroscopy of Molecular Ions. Atoms, MDPI, 2020, 8 (4), pp.70. ⟨10.3390/atoms8040070⟩. ⟨hal-03335640⟩

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