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Pilot-Scale Twin Screw Extrusion and Chemical Pretreatment as an Energy-Efficient Method for the Production of Nanofibrillated Cellulose at High Solid Content

Abstract : Production of nanofibrillated cellulose (CNF) has gained increasing attention during the last decades with its recent industrialization, but such a process consumes still too high of an amount of energy. Here, cellulose nanofibrils at high solid content (20–25 wt %) and consuming 60% less energy compared to conventional processes were produced from enzymatic and TEMPO-oxidized cellulose fibers thanks to a twin screw extruder equipped with kneading disks and fully flighted conveying screws. The morphology and properties of the produced CNF were characterized using optical microscopy, atomic force microscopy (AFM), mechanical properties, and light transmittance. CNF with a width in the range of 20–30 nm and mechanical properties close to those obtained with commercial CNF (Young’s modulus around 15 GPa) were produced. However, results from the degree of polymerization and crystallinity showed that twin screw extrusion (TSE) degrades the fibers as far as the supermasscolloider grinder is concerned. TSE appears as a new mechanical treatment that allows producing CNF at high solid contents and with low energy demand, which is a real asset for nanocellulose industrialization.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03327230
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Submitted on : Friday, August 27, 2021 - 8:24:35 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 11, 2022 - 5:48:05 PM

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UGA | CNRS | LGP2

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Fleur Rol, Blagoj Karakashov, Oleksandr Nechyporchuk, Maxime Terrien, Valérie Meyer, et al.. Pilot-Scale Twin Screw Extrusion and Chemical Pretreatment as an Energy-Efficient Method for the Production of Nanofibrillated Cellulose at High Solid Content. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, American Chemical Society, 2017, 5 (8), pp.6524-6531. ⟨10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b00630⟩. ⟨hal-03327230⟩

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