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A Comprehensive Evolutionary Scenario of Cell Division and Associated Processes in the Firmicutes

Abstract : Abstract The cell cycle is a fundamental process that has been extensively studied in bacteria. However, many of its components and their interactions with machineries involved in other cellular processes are poorly understood. Furthermore, most knowledge relies on the study of a few models, but the real diversity of the cell division apparatus and its evolution are largely unknown. Here, we present a massive in-silico analysis of cell division and associated processes in around 1,000 genomes of the Firmicutes, a major bacterial phylum encompassing models (i.e. Bacillus subtilis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Staphylococcus aureus), as well as many important pathogens. We analyzed over 160 proteins by using an original approach combining phylogenetic reconciliation, phylogenetic profiles, and gene cluster survey. Our results reveal the presence of substantial differences among clades and pinpoints a number of evolutionary hotspots. In particular, the emergence of Bacilli coincides with an expansion of the gene repertoires involved in cell wall synthesis and remodeling. We also highlight major genomic rearrangements at the emergence of Streptococcaceae. We establish a functional network in Firmicutes that allows identifying new functional links inside one same process such as between FtsW (peptidoglycan polymerase) and a previously undescribed Penicilin-Binding Protein or between different processes, such as replication and cell wall synthesis. Finally, we identify new candidates involved in sporulation and cell wall synthesis. Our results provide a previously undescribed view on the diversity of the bacterial cell cycle, testable hypotheses for further experimental studies, and a methodological framework for the analysis of any other biological system.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03293358
Contributor : Jean-Pierre Flandrois <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 20, 2021 - 10:20:27 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 22, 2021 - 3:47:35 AM

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Pierre Garcia, Wandrille Duchemin, Jean-Pierre Flandrois, Simonetta Gribaldo, Christophe Grangeasse, et al.. A Comprehensive Evolutionary Scenario of Cell Division and Associated Processes in the Firmicutes. Molecular Biology and Evolution, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2021, 38 (6), pp.2396-2412. ⟨10.1093/molbev/msab034⟩. ⟨hal-03293358⟩

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