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3D periodic cellular materials with tailored symmetry and implicit grading

Semyon Efremov 1 Jonàs Martínez 1 Sylvain Lefebvre 1
1 MFX - Matter from Graphics
LORIA - ALGO - Department of Algorithms, Computation, Image and Geometry, Inria Nancy - Grand Est
Abstract : Periodic cellular materials allow triggering complex elastic behaviors within the volume of a part. In this work, we study a novel type of 3D periodic cellular materials that emerge from a growth process in a lattice. The growth is parameterized by a 3D star-shaped set at each lattice point, defining the geometry that will appear around it. Individual tiles may be computed and used in a periodic lattice, or a global structure may be produced under spatial gradations, changing the parametric star-shaped set at each lattice location. Beyond free spatial gradation, an important advantage of our approach is that elastic symmetries can easily be enforced. We show how shared symmetries between the lattice and the star-shaped set directly translate into symmetries of the periodic structures' elastic response. Thus, our approach enables restricting the symmetry of the elastic responses-monoclinic, orthorhombic, trigonal, and so on-while freely exploring a wide space of possible geometries and topologies. We make a comprehensive study of the space of symmetries and broad combinations that our method spans and demonstrate through numerical and experimental results the elastic responses triggered by our structures.
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Submitted on : Monday, July 19, 2021 - 1:50:23 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, October 16, 2021 - 11:26:10 AM
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Semyon Efremov, Jonàs Martínez, Sylvain Lefebvre. 3D periodic cellular materials with tailored symmetry and implicit grading. Computer-Aided Design, Elsevier, 2021, 140, ⟨10.1016/j.cad.2021.103086⟩. ⟨hal-03290606⟩

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