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Life Cycle Assessment of Olive Pomace as a Reinforcement in Polypropylene and Polyethylene Biocomposite Materials: A New Perspective for the Valorization of This Agricultural By‐Product

Abstract : The main environmental impact of olive oil production is the disposal of residues such as pomace and water vegetation. During the olive oil extraction process, the olive stone is milled and discharged within the olive pomace. However, olive stone flour can be valorized as filler for poly‐meric composites. A life cycle assessment of the olive pomace valorization was carried out by fo‐cusing on the manufacturing process of a biocomposite made of two different thermoplastic matri‐ces, i.e., polyethylene and polypropylene. The functional unit is the production of 1 m2 of a lath made of an olive pomace‐based biocomposite. The analysis was carried out with the SimaPro PhD 9.1.1.1 software, and the database used for the modeling was Ecoinvent 3.6. The obtained results reveal that the hotspot of the whole process is the twin‐screw compounding of the olive stone frac‐tion, with the polymeric matrix and coupling agent, and that human health is the most affected damage category. It represents 89% for both scenarios studied: olive stone fraction/polypropylene (OSF/PP) and olive stone fraction/polyethylene (OSF/PE). Further research directions include the use of biosourced polymer matrices, which could reduce the impact of olive pomace‐based compo‐site manufacturing.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03216000
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Submitted on : Monday, May 3, 2021 - 4:32:55 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 1, 2022 - 4:35:57 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, August 4, 2021 - 7:40:49 PM

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Gabriela Espadas-Aldana, Priscila Guaygua‐amaguaña, Claire Vialle, Jean-Pierre Belaud, Philippe Evon, et al.. Life Cycle Assessment of Olive Pomace as a Reinforcement in Polypropylene and Polyethylene Biocomposite Materials: A New Perspective for the Valorization of This Agricultural By‐Product. Coatings, MDPI, 2021, 11 (5), pp.525. ⟨10.3390/coatings11050525⟩. ⟨hal-03216000⟩

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