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Semantic Information Retrieval On Medical Texts: Research Challenges, Survey and Open Issues

Abstract : The explosive growth and widespread accessibility of medical information on the Internet have led to a surge of research activity in a wide range of scientific communities including health informatics and information retrieval (IR). One of the common concerns of this research, across these disciplines, is how to design either clinical decision support systems or medical search engines capable of providing adequate support for both novices (e.g., patients and their next-of-kin) and experts (e.g., physicians, clinicians) tackling complex tasks (e.g., search for diagnosis, search for a treatment). However, despite the significant multidisciplinary research advances, current medical search systems exhibit low levels of performance. This survey provides an overview of the state-of-the-art in the disciplines of IR and health informatics and bridging these disciplines shows how semantic search techniques can facilitate medical IR. First, we will give a broad picture of semantic search and medical IR and then highlight the major scientific challenges. Second, focusing on the semantic gap challenge, we will discuss representative state-of-the-art work related to feature-based as well as semanticbased representation and matching models which support medical search systems. In addition to seminal works, we will present recent works that rely on research advancements in deep learning. Third, we make a thorough cross-model analysis and provide some findings and lessons learned. Finally, we discuss some open issues and possible promising directions for future research trends. CCS Concepts: • Information systems → Evaluation of retrieval results; Retrieval effectiveness.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03209651
Contributor : Lynda Tamine-Lechani Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 27, 2021 - 1:13:18 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 21, 2021 - 3:45:25 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03209651, version 1

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Lynda Tamine, Lorraine Goeuriot. Semantic Information Retrieval On Medical Texts: Research Challenges, Survey and Open Issues. ACM Computing Surveys, Association for Computing Machinery, In press. ⟨hal-03209651⟩

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