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Quelle contre-révolution en Tunisie et en Égypte ? L’héritage du RCD et du PND dans les systèmes partisans et le secteur de l’économie informelle

Abstract : The Constitutional Democratic Rally (CDR) in Tunisia and National Democratic Party (NDP) in Egypt dominated the political life of their respective countries for decades. Prior to the revolution, they formed both a space of competition for various elite-backed projects, and one of the main linkages between State and society. The crisis of both functions (reformist and clientelist) explains the failure of these organizations to survive in a context of political opening following the overthrow of the dictators. Their judicial disbanding has thus been an accelerator rather than a cause of disintegration. The internal struggle which in both cases opposes conservatives and reformers has resulted in the formulation of different projects (authoritarian restoration or step-by-step reform of the old regimes) competing on the electoral market. In addition, the lack of a clear ideological identity for both organizations accelerated the dispersion of many of their members, and their re-alignment according to functional or cultural cleavages. Nevertheless, the informal networks linked to the former parties have, with their restructuring, survived in the economical field.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03101181
Contributor : Clément Steuer <>
Submitted on : Thursday, January 7, 2021 - 3:54:46 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 2:52:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, April 8, 2021 - 6:22:03 PM

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Clément Steuer, Adrien Doron. Quelle contre-révolution en Tunisie et en Égypte ? L’héritage du RCD et du PND dans les systèmes partisans et le secteur de l’économie informelle. Confluences Méditerranée , l'Harmattan, 2020, N°115 (4), pp.129-144. ⟨10.3917/come.115.0131⟩. ⟨hal-03101181⟩

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