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8-Hydroxyquinoline complexes (Alq3) on Al(111): atomic scale structure, energetics and charge distribution

Yann Bulteau Nathalie Tarrat 1 Nadine Pébère Corinne Lacaze-Dufaure
1 CEMES-SINanO - Surfaces, Interfaces et Nano-Objets
CEMES - Centre d'élaboration de matériaux et d'études structurales
Abstract : 8-Hydroxyquinoline (8Hq) is known to efficiently inhibit the corrosion of aluminium by forming metal–organic layers (8Hq forms complexes with aluminium atoms). In the present work, the atomic scale structure and the energetics of 8-hydroxyquinoline complexes (Alq3) adsorbed on an aluminium surface are investigated by dispersion-corrected DFT computations. Two scenarios are considered: (i) an Alq3 complex, previously formed in vacuum, is deposited on a flat Al(111) surface or (ii) three deprotonated 8Hq molecules (q) directly adsorb on a defective Al(111) surface presenting Al adatoms (Al–Al(111)). For the Alq3 formation in vacuum, each addition of a q molecule on the Al atom stabilises the system, the oxidation state of the Al atom evolving from AlI in Alq to AlIII in Alq2 and Alq3. The subsequent deposition of Alq3 on Al(111) leads to a strong bonding between the q molecules of the complex and the Al(111) surface, with a significant electron transfer occurring from the surface to the complexes (0.73 to 1.57 e). The formation on the metal surface of Alq3 complexes via the adsorption of q molecules on an Al adatom leads to more stable structures than the ones obtained from direct adsorption of Alq3 on Al(111). For the most stable adsorption conformation, the three q molecules are bonded to the Al adatom but only two are bonded to the aluminium surface. In that case, the total electron transfer from the Al–Al(111) surface to the q molecules is 4.40 e and the electron transfer from the Al(111) surface to the Alq3-like species is 2.04 e. The structure, energetics and charge distribution data demonstrate an iono-covalent bonding between the q molecules and the Al atoms, in the complex as well as on the aluminium surface.
Keywords : DFT Surfaces
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Submitted on : Sunday, December 6, 2020 - 8:04:59 PM
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Yann Bulteau, Nathalie Tarrat, Nadine Pébère, Corinne Lacaze-Dufaure. 8-Hydroxyquinoline complexes (Alq3) on Al(111): atomic scale structure, energetics and charge distribution. New Journal of Chemistry, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2020, 44 (35), pp.15209-15222. ⟨10.1039/D0NJ02824J⟩. ⟨hal-03033595v2⟩

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