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How to define a rejection class based on model learning?

Sarah Laroui 1 Xavier Descombes 1 Aurélia Vernay 2 Florent Villiers 2 François Villalba 2 Eric Debreuve 1
1 MORPHEME - Morphologie et Images
CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , IBV - Institut de Biologie Valrose : U1091, Laboratoire I3S - SIS - Signal, Images et Systèmes
Abstract : In supervised classification, the learning process typically trains a classifier to optimize the accuracy of classifying data into the classes that appear in the learning set, and only them. While this framework fits many use cases, there are situations where the learning process is knowingly performed using a learning set that only represents the data that have been observed so far among a virtually unconstrained variety of possible samples. It is then crucial to define a classifier which has the ability to reject a sample, i.e., to classify it into a rejection class that has not been yet defined. Although obvious solutions can add this ability a posteriori to a classifier that has been learned classically, a better approach seems to directly account for this requirement in the classifier design. In this paper, we propose an innovative learning strategy for supervised classification that is able, by design, to reject a sample as not belonging to any of the known classes. For that, we rely on modeling each class as the combination of a probability density function (PDF) and a threshold that is computed with respect to the other classes. Several alternatives are proposed and compared in this framework. A comparison with straightforward approaches is also provided.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 9, 2020 - 5:25:29 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, December 9, 2020 - 4:12:18 PM

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Sarah Laroui, Xavier Descombes, Aurélia Vernay, Florent Villiers, François Villalba, et al.. How to define a rejection class based on model learning?. ICPR2020 - International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Jan 2021, Milan, Italy. ⟨hal-02963115⟩

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