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Estrogen and bisphenol A affect male rat enamel formation and promote ameloblast proliferation

Abstract : Bisphenol A (BPA) is a widespread endocrine disrupting chemical (EDC) strongly suspected to have adverse health effects. Numerous tissues and cells are affected by BPA, and we showed recently that BPA targets include ameloblasts and enamel. We therefore investigated the effects of BPA on ameloblasts and the possible involvement of the estrogen signaling pathway. Rats were exposed daily to low-dose BPA, and developed enamel hypomineralization similar to human molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH). BPA increased ameloblast proliferation in vivo and in vitro. The proliferation of the rat dental epithelial cell line HAT-7 was also increased by estrogen (E2). Ameloblasts express ER alpha but not ER beta both in vivo and in vitro. The ER antagonist ICI 182,780 was used to inactivate ER alpha and abolished the effects of E2 on cell proliferation and transcription, but only partially reduced the effects of BPA. In conclusion, we show, for the first time, that: 1) BPA has ER-dependent and ER-independent effects on ameloblast proliferation and gene transcription; 2) the estrogen signaling pathway is involved in tooth development and the enamel mineralization process; and 3) BPA impacts preferentially amelogenesis in male rats. These results are consistent with the steroid hormones having effect on ameloblasts, raising the issues of the hormonal influence on amelogenesis and possible differences in enamel quality between sexes.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02635331
Contributor : Migration Prodinra <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 27, 2020 - 5:43:22 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 10, 2020 - 3:44:25 AM

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Katia Jedeon, Sophia Loiodice, Clémence Marciano, Alexia Vinel, Marie-Chantal Canivenc Lavier, et al.. Estrogen and bisphenol A affect male rat enamel formation and promote ameloblast proliferation. Endocrinology, Endocrine Society, 2014, 155 (9), pp.3365 - 3375. ⟨10.1210/en.2013-2161⟩. ⟨hal-02635331⟩

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