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A Novel Framework for Noninvasive Analysis of Short-Term Atrial Activity Dynamics During Persistent Atrial Fibrillation

Abstract : ECG-based representation of atrial fibrillation (AF) progression is currently limited. We propose a novel framework for a more sensitive noninvasive characterization of the AF substrate during persistent AF. An atrial activity (AA) recurrence signal is computed from body surface potential map (BSPM) recordings, and a set of characteristic indices is derived from it which captures the short- and long-term recurrent behaviour in the AA patterns. A novel measure of short- and long-term spatial variability of AA propagation is introduced, to provide an interpretation of the above indices, and to test the hypothesis that the variability in the oscillatory content of AA is due mainly to a spatially uncoordinated propagation of the AF waveforms. A simple model of atrial signal dynamics is proposed to confirm this hypothesis, and to investigate a possible influence of the AF substrate on the short-term recurrent behaviour of AA propagation. Results confirm the hypothesis, with the model also revealing the above influence. Once the characteristic indices are normalized to remove this influence, they show to be significantly associated with AF recurrence 4 to 6 weeks after electrical cardioversion. Therefore, the proposed framework improves noninvasive AF substrate characterization in patients with a very similar substrate. Graphical Abstract Schematic representation of the proposed framework for the noninvasive characterization of short-term atrial signal dynamics during persistent AF. The proposed framework shows that the faster the AA is propagating, the more stable its propagation paths are in the short-term (larger values of Speed in the bottom right plot should be interpreted as lower speed of propagation of the corresponding AA propagation patters).
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02611591
Contributor : Olivier Meste <>
Submitted on : Monday, May 18, 2020 - 2:33:34 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, October 24, 2020 - 10:53:13 AM

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Pietro Bonizzi, Olivier Meste, Stef Zeemering, Joel Karel, Harry Crijns, et al.. A Novel Framework for Noninvasive Analysis of Short-Term Atrial Activity Dynamics During Persistent Atrial Fibrillation. Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, Springer Verlag, 2020, 58, pp.1933-1945. ⟨10.1007/s11517-020-02190-0⟩. ⟨hal-02611591⟩

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