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Palais du Meshouar (Tlemcen, Algérie) : couleurs des zellijs et tracés de décors du XIVe siècle

Abstract : The archeological survey of a 14-15th century house in Tlemcen was use as a support for a multidisciplinary study of its zellij decorations. The objective was to characterize, for this moment of the Islamic Middle Age, a technical knowledge, to highlight trade relative to the supply of pigments, and also to analyze the geometrical compositions of these ornaments. The study of plans revealed the existence of modules which structure all the ornamental motives. These take place in the art developed at the same time in the western Islamic world but present however particularities: changes of scales, arrangement of the polychromy. The chemical analyses on five defined types revealed a long durability in the composition of the ceramic support as well as in the nature of chromogenes and what whatever are the motives and their dating. Only the black color presents variability in the employment of the iron and manganese. The set of glazes is plumbiferous, whereas the oxide of tin, used on a rather important percentage, characterizes maybe workshops of Tlemcen. This search establishes a first study on a relatively important number of samples and can serve as comparisons for further works.
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Contributor : Ayed BEN AMARA Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, April 13, 2020 - 2:52:05 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 28, 2022 - 4:20:12 PM



Agnès Charpentier, Michel Terrasse, Redouane Bachir, Ayed Ben Amara. Palais du Meshouar (Tlemcen, Algérie) : couleurs des zellijs et tracés de décors du XIVe siècle. Archeosciences, revue d'Archéométrie, 2020, 43-2, pp.265-274. ⟨10.4000/archeosciences.6947⟩. ⟨hal-02541273⟩



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