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Projective objects and the modified trace in factorisable finite tensor categories

Abstract : For C a factorisable and pivotal finite tensor category over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero we show: 1) C always contains a simple projective object; 2) if C is in addition ribbon, the internal characters of projective modules span a submodule for the projective SL(2,Z)-action; 3) the action of the Grothendieck ring of C on the span of internal characters of projective objects can be diagonalised; 4) the linearised Grothendieck ring of C is semisimple iff C is semisimple. Results 1-3 remain true in positive characteristic under an extra assumption. Result 1 implies that the tensor ideal of projective objects in C carries a unique-up-to-scalars modified trace function. We express the modified trace of open Hopf links coloured by projectives in terms of S-matrix elements. Furthermore, we give a Verlinde-like formula for the decomposition of tensor products of projective objects which uses only the modular S-transformation restricted to internal characters of projective objects. We compute the modified trace in the example of symplectic fermion categories, and we illustrate how the Verlinde-like formula for projective objects can be applied there.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 17, 2020 - 10:56:34 AM
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Azat M. Gainutdinov, Ingo Runkel. Projective objects and the modified trace in factorisable finite tensor categories. Compos.Math., 2020, 156, pp.770-821. ⟨10.1112/S0010437X20007034⟩. ⟨hal-02536321⟩

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