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The Legacy of the Missing Men: The Long-Run Impact of World War I on Female Labor Force Participation

Abstract : This article explores the pathways that underlie the diffusion of women's participation in the labor force across generations. I exploit a severe exogenous shock to the sex ratio, World War I in France, which generated a large inflow of women in the labor force after the war. I show that this shock to female labor transmitted to subsequent generations until today. Three mechanisms of intergenerational transmission account for this result: parental transmission, transmission through marriage, and transmission through local social interactions. Beyond behaviors, the war also permanently altered beliefs toward the role of women in the labor force.
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Preprints, Working Papers, ...
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02523129
Contributor : Victor Gay Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, September 6, 2021 - 6:39:05 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 14, 2021 - 3:42:56 PM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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  • HAL Id : hal-02523129, version 3

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Victor Gay. The Legacy of the Missing Men: The Long-Run Impact of World War I on Female Labor Force Participation. 2021. ⟨hal-02523129v3⟩

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