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The Legacy of the Missing Men: The Long-Run Impact of World War I on Female Labor Force Participation

Abstract : This article explores the pathways that underlie the diffusion of women's participation in the labor force across generations. I exploit a severe exogenous shock to the sex ratio, World War I in France, which generated a large inflow of women in the labor force after the war. I show that this shock to female labor transmitted to subsequent generations until today. Three mechanisms of intergenerational transmission account for this result: parental transmission, transmission through marriage, and transmission through local social interactions. Beyond behaviors, the war also permanently altered beliefs toward the role of women in the labor force.
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Preprints, Working Papers, ...
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02523129
Contributor : Victor Gay <>
Submitted on : Sunday, January 3, 2021 - 11:29:25 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 17, 2021 - 11:36:49 AM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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  • HAL Id : hal-02523129, version 2

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Victor Gay. The Legacy of the Missing Men: The Long-Run Impact of World War I on Female Labor Force Participation. 2021. ⟨hal-02523129v2⟩

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