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ENTROPIC CURVATURE ON GRAPHS ALONG SCHRÖDINGER BRIDGES AT ZERO TEMPERATURE

Abstract : Lott-Sturm-Villani theory of curvature on geodesic spaces has been extended to discrete graph spaces by C. Léonard by replacing W2-Wasserstein geodesics by Schr¨odinger bridges in the definition of entropic curvature [23, 25, 24]. As a remarkable fact, as a temperature parameter goes to zero, these Schrödinger bridges are supported by geodesics of the space. We analyse this property on discrete graphs to reach entropic curvature on discrete spaces. Our approach provides lower bounds for the entropic curvature for several examples of graph spaces: the lattice Z n endowed with the counting measure, the discrete cube endowed with product probability measures, the circle, the complete graph, the Bernoulli-Laplace model. Our general results also apply to a large class of graphs which are not specifically studied in this paper. As opposed to Erbar-Maas results on graphs [27, 10, 11], entropic curvature results of this paper imply new Prékopa-Leindler type of inequalities on discrete spaces, and new transport-entropy inequalities related to refined concentration properties for the graphs mentioned above. For example on the discrete hypercube {0, 1} n and for the Bernoulli Laplace model, a new W2 − W1 transport-entropy inequality is reached, that can not be derived by usual induction arguments over the dimension n. As a surprising fact, our method also gives improvements of weak transport-entropy inequalities (see [28, 15]) associated to the so-called convex-hull method by Talagrand [38].
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02504530
Contributor : Paul-Marie Samson <>
Submitted on : Friday, July 24, 2020 - 9:49:20 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, August 1, 2020 - 9:46:41 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02504530, version 3
  • ARXIV : 2003.05179

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Paul-Marie Samson. ENTROPIC CURVATURE ON GRAPHS ALONG SCHRÖDINGER BRIDGES AT ZERO TEMPERATURE. 2020. ⟨hal-02504530v3⟩

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