Study of the Physical Properties and Electrocaloric Effect in the BaTiO3 Nano- and Microceramics

Abstract : The specific heat, thermal expansion, permittivity, and electrocaloric effect in bulk of BaTiO3 (BT) samples in the form of nano- (nBT-500 nm) and micro- (mBT-1200 nm) ceramics fabricated using spark plasma sintering and solid-state plasma techniques have been investigated. The size effect has been reflected, to a great extent, in the suppression of the specific heat and thermal expansion anomalies and in the changes in the temperatures and entropies of phase transitions and permittivity, and a decrease in the maximum intensive electrocaloric effect: ΔTmaxAD = 29 mK (E = 2.0 kV/cm) for nBT and ΔTmaxAD = 70 mK (E = 2.5 kV/cm) for mBT. The conductivity growth at temperatures above 360 K leads to the significant irreversible heating of the samples due to the Joule heat release in the applied electric field, which dominates over the electrocaloric effect.
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Anton V. Kartashev, Vitaly Bondarev, Igor Flerov, Michail Gorev, Evgeniy I. Pogorel’tsev, et al.. Study of the Physical Properties and Electrocaloric Effect in the BaTiO3 Nano- and Microceramics. Fizika Tverdogo Tela / Physics of the Solid State, MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica, 2019, 61 (6), pp.1052-1061. ⟨10.1134/S1063783419060088⟩. ⟨hal-02409441⟩

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