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Novel Method for Brain Tumor Classification Based on Use of Image Entropy and Seven Hu’s Invariant Moments

Abstract : In this paper, a novel system is proposed for automating the process of brain tumor classification in magnetic resonance (MR) images. The proposed system has been validated on a database composed of 90 brain MR images belonging to different persons with several types of tumors. The images were arranged into 6 classes of brain tumors with 15 samples for each class. Each MR image of the brain is represented by a feature vector composed of several parameters extracted by two methods: the image entropy and the seven Hu's invariant moments. These two methods are applied on selected zones obtained by sliding a window along the MR image of the brain. The size of the used sliding window is 16x16 pixels for the first method (image entropy) and 64x64 pixels for the second method (seven Hu's invariant moments). To implement the classification, a multilayer perceptron trained with the gradient backpropagation algorithm has been used. The obtained results are very encouraging; the resulting system properly classifies 97.77% of the images of the used database.
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Salim Ouchtati, Abdelhakim Chergui, Sébastien Mavromatis, Aissa Belmeguenai, Djemili Rafik, et al.. Novel Method for Brain Tumor Classification Based on Use of Image Entropy and Seven Hu’s Invariant Moments. Traitement du Signal, Lavoisier, 2019, 36 (6), pp.483-491. ⟨10.18280/ts.360602⟩. ⟨hal-02400717⟩

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