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Hairy black holes in DHOST theories: Exploring disformal transformation as a solution-generating method

Abstract : Solutions-generating methods based on field redefinitions, such as conformal mapping, play an important role in investigating exact solutions in modified gravity. In this work, we explore the possibility to use disformal field redefinitions to investigate new regions of the solution space of DHOST theories, and present new hairy black holes solutions beyond the stealth sector. The crucial ingredient is to find suitable seed solutions to generate new exact ones for DHOST theories. We first consider a seed solution of the Einstein-Scalar system describing a naked singularity. Under suitable assumptions, we derive a no-go result showing that no black hole solution can be constructed from such a seed GR solution. Then, taking into account the stability of each degeneracy classes of quadratic DHOST theories under a general disformal mapping, we consider two kinds of known black hole solutions as seed configurations: the Schwarzschild stealth solution and the non-stealth Reissner-Nordstrom like solution. Restricting our considerations to invertible disformal transformations, we show that building new hairy black hole solutions from the stealth solution associated to a constant kinetic term is also quite constrained. We obtain new solutions which either are stealth or describe asymptotically locally flat black holes with a deficit solid angle. However, starting from the non-stealth seed solution associated to a non constant kinetic term as well as a time-dependent scalar profile, we show that a disformal transformation can introduce rather general modifications of the exterior geometry. Finally, we consider the construction of minimally modified hairy black hole solutions using a small disformal transformation. Further applications of this solution generating method should allow to provide new hairy rotating black hole solutions beyond the stealth sector, as well as minimally modified GR solutions useful for phenomenological investigations of compact objects beyond GR.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 27, 2019 - 5:15:50 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 2, 2021 - 9:47:40 PM

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Jibril Ben Achour, Hongguang Liu, Shinji Mukohyama. Hairy black holes in DHOST theories: Exploring disformal transformation as a solution-generating method. JCAP, 2020, 02, pp.023. ⟨10.1088/1475-7516/2020/02/023⟩. ⟨hal-02383434⟩



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