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Les peintures dans l'art pariétal de la culture Okuniev

Abstract : Rock paintings in Okuniev culture.-. Abstract.-The article is devoted to the use of paint in Okunev culture rock art in the Minusinsk Basin (Central Asia) in the second half of the 3rd millenium to the beginning of the 2nd millennium B.C. A new classification of rock painting in Okuniev culture art has now been established, based on the consideration of the technological role of paint in the creation of visual images (alone or auxiliary role) and the paint colour sometimes monochrome (red or black) and other times dichromatic. Dichromatic compositions, whose existence in Okuniev art had not been previously documented, were studied and reconstructed for the first time. Laboratory studies have shown that the main pigment used was red hematite, with one sample contains a greater proportion of ochre. In all cases, the pigment is mixed with quartz grains, which may have either a natural origin (in the case of ochre) or they were deposited in the sample on the stone surface from the surrounding subsoil. The black paint is composed of charcoal, and its application was probably carried out by rubbing a charcoal shard on the stone surface. The larger particle size of the black paint explains why is has lower resiliency than the red paint, as this particle size is not conducive to good traction with the surface of the stone. Traces of organics, which could have been used as a binder for the pigment particles, were not detected in the analysis. An important fact was established that charcoal was used for the creation of black paint, which also opens up the possibility for the direct dating of Okuniev rock art, as well as the study of different tree species used.
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Submitted on : Saturday, November 16, 2019 - 1:20:10 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 10, 2022 - 4:36:36 AM
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  • HAL Id : hal-02366474, version 1


Yury N Essin, Jérôme Magail, Philippe Walter, Hélène Rousselière. Les peintures dans l'art pariétal de la culture Okuniev. Bulletin du Musée d'Anthropologie préhistorique de Monaco, 2014, 54, pp.163-183. ⟨hal-02366474⟩



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