Stock price formation: useful insights from a multi-agent reinforcement learning model

Abstract : In the past, financial stock markets have been studied with previous generations of multi-agent systems (MAS) that relied on zero-intelligence agents, and often the necessity to implement so-called noise traders to sub-optimally emulate price formation processes. However recent advances in the fields of neuroscience and machine learning have overall brought the possibility for new tools to the bottom-up statistical inference of complex systems. Most importantly, such tools allows for studying new fields, such as agent learning, which in finance is central to information and stock price estimation. We present here the results of a new generation MAS stock market simulator, where each agent autonomously learns to do price forecasting and stock trading via model-free reinforcement learning, and where the collective behaviour of all agents decisions to trade feed a centralised double-auction limit order book, emulating price and volume microstructures. We study here what such agents learn in detail, and how heterogenous are the policies they develop over time. We also show how the agents learning rates, and their propensity to be chartist or fundamentalist impacts the overall market stability and agent individual performance. We conclude with a study on the impact of agent information via random trading.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02355681
Contributor : Boris Gutkin <>
Submitted on : Friday, November 8, 2019 - 1:33:21 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, November 9, 2019 - 2:13:00 AM

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J. Lussange, S. Bourgeois-Gironde, S. Palminteri, B. Gutkin. Stock price formation: useful insights from a multi-agent reinforcement learning model. 2019. ⟨hal-02355681⟩

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