Global distribution of earthworm diversity

Helen Phillips Carlos Guerra 1 Marie Bartz 2 Maria Briones 3 George Brown Thomas Crowther 4 Olga Ferlian 1 Konstantin Gongalsky 5 Johan van den Hoogen 4 Julia Krebs 1 Alberto Orgiazzi 6 Devin Routh 4 Benjamin Schwarz Elizabeth Bach 7 Joanne Bennett 1 Ulrich Brose 8 Thibaud Decaëns 9 Birgitta König-Ries 10 Michel Loreau 11 Jérôme Mathieu 12 Christian Mulder Wim van der Putten 13 Kelly Ramirez 13 Matthias Rillig 14 David Russell Michiel Rutgers 15 Madhav Thakur 13 Franciska de Vries Diana Wall David Wardle Miwa Arai Fredrick Ayuke Geoff Baker Robin Beauséjour José Bedano Klaus Birkhofer Eric Blanchart 16 Bernd Blossey Thomas Bolger 17 Robert Bradley Mac Callaham Yvan Capowiez 18 Mark Caulfield Amy Choi Felicity Crotty Andrea Dávalos Darío Cosin Anahí Dominguez Andrés Esteban Duhour Nick van Eekeren Christoph Emmerling Liliana Falco Rosa Fernández Steven Fonte 19 Carlos Fragoso 20 André Franco Martine Fugère Abegail Fusilero Shaieste Gholami Michael Gundale Mónica Gutiérrez López Davorka Hackenberger Luis Hernández Takuo Hishi Andrew Holdsworth Martin Holmstrup 21 Kristine Hopfensperger Esperanza Huerta Lwanga Veikko Huhta Tunsisa Hurisso Basil Iannone Madalina Iordache Monika Joschko Nobuhiro Kaneko Radoslava Kanianska Aidan Keith Courtland Kelly Maria Kernecker Jonatan Klaminder Armand Koné Yahya Kooch Sanna Kukkonen H. Lalthanzara Daniel Lammel Iurii Lebedev Yiqing Li 22 Juan Lidon Noa Lincoln Scott Loss Raphaël Marichal 23 Radim Matula Jan Hendrik Moos Gerardo Moreno 24 Alejandro Morón-Ríos Bart Muys 25 Johan Neirynck Lindsey Norgrove Marta Novo Visa Nuutinen Victoria Nuzzo Mujeeb Rahman P Johan Pansu 26 Shishir Paudel Guénola Pérès 27 Lorenzo Pérez-Camacho Raúl Piñeiro 28 Jean-François Ponge 29 Muhammad Imtiaz Rashid 30 Salvador Rebollo Javier Rodeiro-Iglesias Miguel A. Rodriguez 31 Alexander Roth 32 Guillaume Rousseau 33 Anna Rozen Ehsan Sayad Loes van Schaik Bryant Scharenbroch Michael Schirrmann Olaf Schmidt Boris Schröder Julia Seeber 34 Maxim Shashkov Jaswinder Singh Sandy Smith Michael Steinwandter José Talavera Dolores Trigo 35 Jiro Tsukamoto Anne de Valença Steven Vanek Iñigo Virto 36 Adrian Wackett Matthew Warren Nathaniel Wehr Joann Whalen 37 Michael Wironen Volkmar Wolters 38 Irina Zenkova Weixin Zhang 39 Erin Cameron Nico Eisenhauer 40
25 Division of Forest, Nature and Landscape
EES - Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences [Leuven]
Abstract : Soil organisms, including earthworms, are a key component of terrestrial ecosystems. However, little is known about their diversity, distribution, and the threats affecting them. Here, we compiled a global dataset of sampled earthworm communities from 6928 sites in 57 countries to predict patterns in earthworm diversity, abundance, and biomass. We identified that local species richness and abundance typically peaked at higher latitudes, patterns opposite to those observed in aboveground organisms. However, diversity across the entirety of the tropics may be higher than elsewhere, due to high species dissimilarity across locations. Climate variables were more important in shaping earthworm communities than soil properties or habitat cover. These findings suggest that climate change may have serious implications for earthworm communities and therefore the functions they provide.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 8, 2019 - 3:02:23 PM
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Helen Phillips, Carlos Guerra, Marie Bartz, Maria Briones, George Brown, et al.. Global distribution of earthworm diversity. Science, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2019, 366 (6464), pp.480-485. ⟨10.1126/science.aax4851⟩. ⟨hal-02352980⟩

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