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Tracking picosecond strain pulses in heterostructures that exhibit giant magnetostriction

Abstract : We combine ultrafast X-ray diffraction (UXRD) and time-resolved Magneto-Optical Kerr Effect (MOKE) measurements to monitor the strain pulses in laser-excited TbFe 2 /Nb heterostructures. Spatial separation of the Nb detection layer from the laser excitation region allows for a background-free characterization of the laser-generated strain pulses. We clearly observe symmetric bipolar strain pulses if the excited TbFe 2 surface terminates the sample and a decomposition of the strain wavepacket into an asymmetric bipolar and a unipolar pulse, if a SiO 2 glass capping layer covers the excited TbFe 2 layer. The inverse magnetostriction of the temporally separated unipolar strain pulses in this sample leads to a MOKE signal that linearly depends on the strain pulse amplitude measured through UXRD. Linear chain model simulations accurately predict the timing and shape of UXRD and MOKE signals that are caused by the strain reflections from multiple interfaces in the heterostructure.
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S. Zeuschner, T. Parpiiev, T. Pezeril, A. Hillion, K. Dumesnil, et al.. Tracking picosecond strain pulses in heterostructures that exhibit giant magnetostriction. Structural Dynamics, AIP Publishing, 2019, 6 (2), pp.024302. ⟨10.1063/1.5084140⟩. ⟨hal-02352087⟩

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