Discovery of the Galactic High-Mass Gamma-ray Binary 4FGL J1405.1-6119

Abstract : We report the identification from multi-wavelength observations of the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) source 4FGL J1405.1-6119 (= 3FGL J1405.4-6119) as a high-mass gamma-ray binary. Observations with the LAT show that gamma-ray emission from the system is modulated at a period of 13.7135 +/- 0.0019 days, with the presence of two maxima per orbit with different spectral properties. X-ray observations using the Neil Gehrels Swift Observatory X-ray Telescope (XRT) show that X-ray emission is also modulated at this period, but with a single maximum that is closer to the secondary lower-energy gamma-ray maximum. A radio source, coincident with the X-ray source, is also found from Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA) observations, and the radio emission is modulated on the gamma-ray period with similar phasing to the X-ray emission. A large degree of interstellar obscuration severely hampers optical observations, but a near-infrared counterpart is found. Near-infrared spectroscopy indicates an O6 III spectral classification. This is the third gamma-ray binary to be discovered with the Fermi LAT from periodic modulation of the gamma-ray emission, the other two sources also have early O star, rather than Be star, counterparts. We consider at what distances we can detect such modulated gamma-ray emission with the LAT, and examine constraints on the gamma-ray binary population of the Milky Way.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 6, 2019 - 12:01:21 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 13, 2019 - 2:20:09 PM

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R.H.D. Corbet, L. Chomiuk, M.J. Coe, J.B. Coley, G. Dubus, et al.. Discovery of the Galactic High-Mass Gamma-ray Binary 4FGL J1405.1-6119. 2019. ⟨hal-02350180⟩



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