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Physics-based oligomeric models of the yeast mitofusin Fzo1 at the molecular scale in the context of membrane docking

Abstract : Tethering and homotypic fusion of mitochondrial outer membranes is mediated by large GTPases of the dynamin-related proteins family called the mitofusins. The yeast mitofusin Fzo1 forms high molecular weight complexes and its assembly during membrane fusion likely involves the formation of high order complexes. Consistent with this possibility, mitofusins form oligomers in both cis (on the same lipid bilayer) and trans to mediate membrane attachment and fusion. Here, we utilize our recent Fzo1 model to investigate and discuss the formation of cis and trans mitofusin oligomers. We have built three distinct cis-assembly Fzo1 models that gave rise to three distinct trans-oligomeric models of mitofusin constructs. Each model involves two main components of mitofusin oligomerization: the GTPase and the trunk domains. The oligomeric models proposed in this study were further assessed for stability and dynamics in a membrane environment using a coarse-grained molecular dynamics (MD) simulation approach. A narrow opening ‘head-to-head’ cis-oligomerization (via the GTPase domain) followed by the antiparallel ‘back-to-back’ trans-associations (via the trunk domain) appears to be in agreement with all of the available experimental data. More broadly, this study opens new possibilities to start exploring cis and trans conformations for Fzo1 and mitofusins in general.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02345043
Contributor : Antoine Taly Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, December 1, 2020 - 11:55:11 PM
Last modification on : Monday, June 14, 2021 - 10:24:38 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, March 2, 2021 - 6:03:06 PM

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Astrid Brandner, Dario de Vecchis, Marc Baaden, Mickaël Cohen, Antoine Taly. Physics-based oligomeric models of the yeast mitofusin Fzo1 at the molecular scale in the context of membrane docking. Mitochondrion, Elsevier, 2019, 49, pp.234-244. ⟨10.1016/j.mito.2019.06.010⟩. ⟨hal-02345043⟩

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