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LʼHomme et lʼanimal au Pléistocène moyen récent en France septentrionale Synthèse des interactions paléoécologiques et archéozoologiques dans la gestion des ressources animales par les Néandertaliens

Abstract : The recent Middle Pleistocene, corresponding to the marine isotopic stages 10 to 6 and the Saalian of the chronostratigraphy of Northwest Europe, covers a period when the establishment of typical mammalian communities («cold» versus temperate fauna) prefigures associations of fauna which will be encountered during the Upper Pleistocene. In northern France, several lower and middle Paleolithic deposits yield Acheulean and then Mousterian industry associated with remains of large mammals. In the first place, they allow to participate in the reconstruction of climates and landscapes where animals and Humans evolve. They also offer the opportunity to characterize subsistence and territorial management behaviors by the various human groups that have succeeded each other. The use of raw materials of animal origin is characterized by constants (specialization towards a taxa, choice of large and megaherbivores, intensive exploitation of carcasses, etc.) but also specifi-cities depending on the sites (dynamic around the bone accumulations, differential slaughter of game, non-food use of animal resources, etc.). With 5 major sites, Cagny-lʼÉpinette (Somme), Biache-Saint-Vaast (Pas-de-Calais), Ranville (Calvados), La Cotte de Saint-Brelade (Jersey) and Piégu (Côtes dʼArmor), the perception of the management of animal resources by the first Neanderthals relocated in its ecological context becomes more concrete and offers the opportunity to compare with the recent phase of the Middle Paleolithic and what is observed in other regions.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 6, 2019 - 5:11:21 PM
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Patrick Auguste, Noémie Sévêque, Marie-Anne Julien. LʼHomme et lʼanimal au Pléistocène moyen récent en France septentrionale Synthèse des interactions paléoécologiques et archéozoologiques dans la gestion des ressources animales par les Néandertaliens. Préhistoire de l’Europe du Nord-Ouest : mobilités, climats et identités culturelles, 2019. ⟨hal-02341183⟩

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