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O2 Reduction in Enzymatic Biofuel Cells

Abstract : Catalytic four-electron reduction of O2 to water is one of the most extensively studied electrochemical reactions due to O2 exceptional availability and high O2/H2O redox potential, which may in particular allow highly energetic reactions in fuel cells. To circumvent the use of expensive and inefficient Pt catalysts, multicopper oxidases (MCOs) have been envisioned because they provide efficient O2 reduction with almost no overpotential. MCOs have been used to elaborate enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs), a subclass of fuel cells in which enzymes replace the conventional catalysts. A glucose/O2 EBFC, with a glucose oxidizing anode and a O2 reducing MCO cathode, could become the in vivo source of electricity that would power sometimes in the future integrated medical devices. This review covers the challenges and advances in the electrochemistry of MCOs and their use in EBFCs with a particular emphasis on the last 6 years. First basic features of MCOs and EBFCs are presented. Clues provided by electrochemistry to understand these enzymes and how they behave once connected at electrodes are described. Progresses realized in the development of efficient biocathodes for O2 reduction relying both on direct and mediated electron transfer mechanism are then discussed. Some implementations in EBFCs are finally presented.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 6, 2019 - 11:04:17 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 4, 2022 - 5:09:46 AM
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Nicolas Mano, Anne de Poulpiquet. O2 Reduction in Enzymatic Biofuel Cells. Chemical Reviews, American Chemical Society, 2018, 118 (5), pp.2392 - 2468. ⟨10.1021/acs.chemrev.7b00220⟩. ⟨hal-01731291⟩



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