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Behavior of Two Foundry Cobalt-Based Alloys Exposed to a Hot Complex Gaseous Mixture Simulating the Atmosphere in a Waste- to-Energy Boiler. Part 2: Case of the Alloy Immersed in Synthetic Ashes

Abstract : Currently cobalt-based alloys are seemingly not really envisaged for constituting waste-to-energy boilers, although that the WtE working conditions are similar to those encountered in some applications in which Co-based superalloys are successfully used. To test the behavior of the cast chromium-rich cobalt-based alloys' family, two model alloys belonging to the later one were cast and samples were exposed during more than ten days to a hot complex gaseous mixture and to synthetic ashes. After test the samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction and SEM observations. The results of the characterization of the first sample, the one exposed to the hot complex gaseous atmosphere, were presented in the first part of this work. This second part concerns the post-mortem analysis of the second sample, the one immersed in ashes. It appears first that this one was not protected by any external oxide scale. Instead, a mixture of oxides and chlorides formed and reaction between these corrosion products with ashes obviously led to an intermediate liquid phase. Internal oxidation/chloridation of the chromium carbides network obviously occurred over a 500µm-depth from the surface happened. The responsibility of an active oxidation mechanism analogous to what was earlier observed on steels is envisaged.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 30, 2019 - 9:26:10 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 25, 2021 - 11:04:59 AM
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Lionel Aranda, Thierry Schweitzer, Patrice Berthod, Christophe Rapin, Didier Souchon, et al.. Behavior of Two Foundry Cobalt-Based Alloys Exposed to a Hot Complex Gaseous Mixture Simulating the Atmosphere in a Waste- to-Energy Boiler. Part 2: Case of the Alloy Immersed in Synthetic Ashes. Journal of Material Science and Technology Research, ZealPress, 2018, 5, pp.6-10. ⟨10.15377/2410-4701.2018.05.2⟩. ⟨hal-02300934⟩

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