Reachability in Vector Addition Systems is Primitive-Recursive in Fixed Dimension

Abstract : The reachability problem in vector addition systems is a central question, not only for the static verification of these systems, but also for many inter-reducible decision problems occurring in various fields. The currently best known upper bound on this problem is not primitive-recursive, even when considering systems of fixed dimension. We provide significant refinements to the classical decomposition algorithm of Mayr, Kosaraju, and Lambert and to its termination proof, which yield an ACKERMANN upper bound in the general case, and primitive-recursive upper bounds in fixed dimension. While this does not match the currently best known TOWER lower bound for reachability, it is optimal for related problems.
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Conference papers
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02267524
Contributor : Sylvain Schmitz <>
Submitted on : Monday, August 19, 2019 - 1:46:06 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 21, 2019 - 1:12:29 AM

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Jérôme Leroux, Sylvain Schmitz. Reachability in Vector Addition Systems is Primitive-Recursive in Fixed Dimension. LICS 2019, 34th Annual ACM/IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science, Jun 2019, Vancouver, Canada. pp.1--13, ⟨10.1109/LICS.2019.8785796⟩. ⟨hal-02267524⟩

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