Deciphering the $z_g$ distribution in ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions

Abstract : Within perturbative QCD, we develop a new picture for the parton shower generated by a jet propagating through a dense quark-gluon plasma. This picture combines in a simple, factorised, way multiple medium-induced parton branchings and standard vacuum-like emissions, with the phase-space for the latter constrained by the presence of the medium. We implement this picture as a Monte Carlo generator that we use to study two phenomenologically important observables: the jet nuclear modification factor $R_{AA}$ and the $z_g$ distribution reflecting the jet substructure. In both cases, the outcome of our Monte Carlo simulations is in good agreement with the LHC measurements. We provide basic analytic calculations that help explaining the main features observed in the data. We find that the energy loss by the jet is increasing with the jet transverse momentum, due to a rise in the number of partonic sources via vacuum-like emissions. This is a key element in our description of both $R_{AA}$ and the $z_g$ distribution. For the latter, we identify two main nuclear effects: incoherent jet energy loss and hard medium-induced emissions. As the jet transverse momentum increases, we predict a qualitative change in the ratio between the $z_g$ distributions in PbPb and pp collisions: from increasing at small $z_g$, this ratio becomes essentially flat, or even slightly decreasing.
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Submitted on : Thursday, August 1, 2019 - 2:14:11 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 14, 2019 - 11:24:04 PM

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P. Caucal, E. Iancu, G. Soyez. Deciphering the $z_g$ distribution in ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions. 2019. ⟨hal-02223014⟩



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