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Encadrement des risques techniques et juridiques des activités de police prédictive

Abstract : Big data technologies and predictive analysis have changed the policing methods, as well as police management in the United States, since the early 2000s. The fact that predictive policing activities have been primarily deployed in the US is no coincidence. Even if crime in France and Europe is significant, especially in the presence of a high terrorist risk for several years, the United States is seeing the spread of large-scale crime and, above all, very significant armed urban violence.Today, however, predictive policing tools are no longer limited to the United States and are also being introduced in several European Union Member States. Nevertheless, the methods used are not identical. Generally speaking, "predictive policing" consists for the police (in France, police or gendarmerie) in using data and other indicators to calculate the probability of the risk of a crime occurring in the future. It may also be a probability calculation that a person, previously identified due to suspected illegal activities, may take action. Such information is useful, on the one hand, to prevent the commission of offences and, on the other hand, to better deploy police forces. Predictive policing tools can target places or individuals.This study, funded by CHEMI (French Ministère de l'intérieur), aims to provide a technical analysis of predictive policing tools used in the United States and Europe, as well as to measure their impact on the population, taking into account very different legislative frameworks. Recommendations were made to the French Ministère de l'intérieur to ensure the effectiveness of algorithmic tools while limiting the risks of violating the fundamental rights of individuals.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02190585
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Submitted on : Monday, July 22, 2019 - 3:37:26 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 9, 2021 - 10:00:28 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02190585, version 1

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Céline Castets-Renard, Philippe Besse, Jean-Michel Loubes, Laurent Perrussel. Encadrement des risques techniques et juridiques des activités de police prédictive. [Rapport de recherche] Centre des Hautes Etudes du Ministère de l'Intérieur. 2019. ⟨hal-02190585⟩

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