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Dual Roles of Poly(dA:dT) Tracts in Replication Initiation and Fork Collapse

Abstract : Replication origins, fragile sites, and rDNA have been implicated as sources of chromosomal instability. However, the defining genomic features of replication origins and fragile sites are among the least understood elements of eukaryote genomes. Here, we map sites of replication initiation and breakage in primary cells at high resolution. We find that replication initiates between transcribed genes within nucleosome-depleted structures established by long asymmetrical poly(dA:dT) tracts flanking the initiation site. Paradoxically, long (\textgreater20 bp) (dA:dT) tracts are also preferential sites of polar replication fork stalling and collapse within early-replicating fragile sites (ERFSs) and late-replicating common fragile sites (CFSs) and at the rDNA replication fork barrier. Poly(dA:dT) sequences are fragile because long single-strand poly(dA) stretches at the replication fork are unprotected by the replication protein A (RPA). We propose that the evolutionary expansion of poly(dA:dT) tracts in eukaryotic genomes promotes replication initiation, but at the cost of chromosome fragility.
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Contributor : Marie-Claude Serre <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 16, 2019 - 9:37:58 AM
Last modification on : Friday, December 11, 2020 - 2:40:02 PM

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Andres Canela, Haiqing Fu, Christophe Redon, Steven C. Pruitt, Yan Jaszczyszyn, et al.. Dual Roles of Poly(dA:dT) Tracts in Replication Initiation and Fork Collapse. Cell, 2018, 174 (5), pp.1127--1142.e19. ⟨10.1016/j.cell.2018.07.011⟩. ⟨hal-02184422⟩



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