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Metamorphic IOTA

Abstract : IOTA opened recently a new line of research in distributed ledgers area by targeting algorithms that ensure a high throughput for the transactions generated in IoT systems. Transactions are continuously appended to an acyclic structure called tangle and each new transaction selects as parents two existing transactions (called tips) that it approves. G-IOTA, a very recent improvement of IOTA, targets to protect tips left behind offering hence a good confidence level. However, this improvement had a cost: the use of an additional tip selection mechanism which may be critical in IoT systems since it needs additional energy consumption. In this paper we propose a new metamorphic algorithm for tip selection that offers the best guaranties of both IOTA and G-IOTA. Our contribution is two fold. First, we propose a parameterized algorithm, E-IOTA, for tip selection which targets to reduce the number of random walks executed in previous versions (IOTA and G-IOTA) while maintaining the same security guaranties as IOTA and the same confidence level and fairness with respect to tips selection as G-IOTA. Then we propose a formal analysis of the security guaranties offered by E-IOTA against various attacks mentioned in the original IOTA proposal (e.g. large weight attack, parasite chain attack and splitting attack). Interestingly, to the best of our knowledge this is the first formal analysis of the security guaranties of IOTA and its derivatives.
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Preprints, Working Papers, ...
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Contributor : Gewu Bu <>
Submitted on : Monday, July 8, 2019 - 12:38:58 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 24, 2020 - 4:19:53 PM


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  • HAL Id : hal-02176604, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1907.03628


Gewu Bu, Wassim Hana, Maria Potop-Butucaru. Metamorphic IOTA. 2019. ⟨hal-02176604⟩



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