A polynomial version of Cereceda's conjecture

Nicolas Bousquet 1 Marc Heinrich 2
1 ALGCO - Algorithmes, Graphes et Combinatoire
LIRMM - Laboratoire d'Informatique de Robotique et de Microélectronique de Montpellier
2 GOAL - Graphes, AlgOrithmes et AppLications
LIRIS - Laboratoire d'InfoRmatique en Image et Systèmes d'information
Abstract : Let k and d be such that k ≥ d + 2. Consider two k-colourings of a d-degenerate graph G. Can we transform one into the other by recolouring one vertex at each step while maintaining a proper coloring at any step? Cereceda et al. answered that question in the affirmative, and exhibited a recolouring sequence of exponential length. However, Cereceda conjectured that there should exist one of quadratic length. The k-reconfiguration graph of G is the graph whose vertices are the proper k-colourings of G, with an edge between two colourings if they differ on exactly one vertex. Cereceda's conjecture can be reformulated as follows: the diameter of the (d + 2)-reconfiguration graph of any d-degenerate graph on n vertices is O(n 2). So far, the existence of a polynomial diameter is open even for d = 2. In this paper, we prove that the diameter of the k-reconfiguration graph of a d-degenerate graph is O(n d+1) for k ≥ d + 2. Moreover, we prove that if k ≥ 3 2 (d + 1) then the diameter of the k-reconfiguration graph is quadratic, improving the previous bound of k ≥ 2d + 1. We also show that the 5-reconfiguration graph of planar bipartite graphs has quadratic diameter, confirming Cereceda's conjecture for this class of graphs.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 27, 2019 - 1:37:35 PM
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  • ARXIV : 1903.05619

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Nicolas Bousquet, Marc Heinrich. A polynomial version of Cereceda's conjecture. 2019. ⟨hal-02167051⟩

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