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Yeast Endosulfines Control Entry into Quiescence and Chronological Life Span by Inhibiting Protein Phosphatase 2A

Abstract : The TORC1 and PKA protein kinases are central elements of signaling networks that regulate eukary-otic cell proliferation in response to growth factors and/or nutrients. In yeast, attenuation of signaling by these kinases following nitrogen and/or carbon limitation activates the protein kinase Rim15, which orchestrates the initiation of a reversible cellular quiescence program to ensure normal chronological life span. The molecular elements linking Rim15 to distal readouts including the expression of Msn2/4-and Gis1-dependent genes involve the endosulfines Igo1/2. Here, we show that Rim15, analogous to the greatwall kinase in Xenopus, phosphorylates endo-sulfines to directly inhibit the Cdc55-protein phos-phatase 2A (PP2A Cdc55). Inhibition of PP2A Cdc55 preserves Gis1 in a phosphorylated state and consequently promotes its recruitment to and activation of transcription from promoters of specific nutrient-regulated genes. These results close a gap in our perception of and delineate a role for PP2A Cdc55 in TORC1-/PKA-mediated regulation of quiescence and chronological life span.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 20, 2019 - 7:17:00 PM
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Séverine Bontron, Malika Jaquenoud, Stefania Vaga, Nicolas Talarek, Bernd Bodenmiller, et al.. Yeast Endosulfines Control Entry into Quiescence and Chronological Life Span by Inhibiting Protein Phosphatase 2A. Cell Reports, Elsevier Inc, 2013, 3 (1), pp.16-22. ⟨10.1016/j.celrep.2012.11.025⟩. ⟨hal-02134955⟩

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