Les corridors de transport en Europe et en Amérique du Nord : des projets d'aménagement à leur mise en oeuvre

Abstract : The notion of transport corridor encases numerous meanings and has led to a plentiful scientific production in varied disciplines. The analysis of this literature leads to the preparation of a theoretical framework for the assessment of case studies. This framework is based on a functional typology of corridors and on a multi-scalar perspective. Yet it should be necessary to confront these definitions of the notion of transport corridor in the scientific literature and its different variations in the institutional literature undertaking development projects. The comparative approach of two case studies, Europe and North America, enables the confrontation of the theoretical notion of corridor with practical development and planning projects in different geographical contexts. First, it establishes a comparison on a continental scale between the political planning of TENT and the economic vision of NAFTA corridors. Then a parallel is drawn on a regional scale between implementation logics of corridors in different spaces-Spain and Arizona. The purpose of this article is to question the scope and the limits of this notion in spatial planning practices by studying these case studies successively in several geographical scales. Indeed, concrete projects should be taken into account thanks to a multi-scalar approach to understand the reality of the lag between the concept, its political application and its concrete implementation in territories. The main results of the article will be related to the similarity of the planning logics on the continental scale, the necessary attention to the multiplicity of public and private actors in the territorialisation of transport corridors and the diverse forms of territorialisation on a regional scale.
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Eloïse Libourel, Matthieu Schorung. Les corridors de transport en Europe et en Amérique du Nord : des projets d'aménagement à leur mise en oeuvre. Géotransports, Commission de Géographie des Transports, 2016. ⟨hal-02098104⟩

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