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Le cosmos comme terrain de jeu : l'espace dans l'animation soviétique et russe

Abstract : This article argues that, over the Soviet and into the post-Soviet era, outer space in animated films has turned from a new, unknown territory for conquest and exploration into an undesirable mirror of earth, from a utopia into a dystopia, a space that is no longer desirable for habitation, inferring that it is earth itself which has become undesirable. Following the use of animation to create the effects necessary for a realistic representation of spaceflight (e.g. in the works of Aleksandr Ptushko and Pavel Klushantsev), outer space served as a perfect alternative for the realisation of a socialist lifestyle. However, after the American landing on the moon a shift takes place, which turns other planets into domestic and bourgeois little replica worlds, the equivalent of Soviet utopia under “developed socialism”. Colonization has less a political significance as one of finding alternative living spaces for families, with children and pets. Space travel is an experience and a test of maturity, where conquest no longer relevant and outer space is a playground for children and teenagers, providing domestic comfort and serving as a mirror reflection of earth with some technical attributes, whilst always maintaining a link with earth, which remains at the centre of the universe. In the new millennium animated remakes and sequels show the infantilization of cosmic exploits (in the figure of Neznaika, or Dunno), portraying teenagers as rebellious hipsters, while Ku! Kin-Dza-Dza portrays the other planet as a dystopian space, undesirable for the creative intelligentsia.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02053319
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Submitted on : Friday, March 1, 2019 - 11:23:18 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, December 4, 2021 - 4:04:48 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, May 30, 2019 - 1:49:41 PM

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Birgit Beumers, Nina Sputnitskaya, Hélène Mélat. Le cosmos comme terrain de jeu : l'espace dans l'animation soviétique et russe. Slovo, Presses de l’INALCO, 2019, À l'Est de Pixar : le film d'animation russe et soviétique, To the East of Pixar : Russian and Soviet Animated Film, ⟨10.46298/slovo.2019.5234⟩. ⟨hal-02053319⟩

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