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Direct measurement of a beta function and an indirect check of the Schwinger effect near the boundary in Dirac-Weyl semimetals

Abstract : The electric field inside typical conductors drops down exponentially with the screening length determined by an intrinsic length scale of the system such as the density of mobile carriers. We show that in a classically conformal system with boundaries, where the intrinsic length scale is absent, the screening of an external electric field is governed by the quantum conformal anomaly associated with the renormalization of the electric charge. The electric field decays algebraically with a fractional power determined by the beta function of the system. We argue that this `anomalous conformal screening effect' is an indirect manifestation of the Schwinger pair production in relativistic field theory. We discuss the experimental feasibility of the proposed phenomenon in Dirac and Weyl semimetals what would allow direct experimental access to the beta function.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 9, 2020 - 7:32:24 PM
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M.N. Chernodub, María A.H. Vozmediano. Direct measurement of a beta function and an indirect check of the Schwinger effect near the boundary in Dirac-Weyl semimetals. Phys.Rev.Research., 2019, 1, ⟨10.1103/PhysRevResearch.1.032002⟩. ⟨hal-02051263⟩

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