Metastability exchange optical pumping of He-3 at high pressure and high magnetic field for medical applications

Abstract : Systematic studies of the metastability exchange optical pumping (MEOP) process in He-3 gas at high magnetic fields (0.45, 0.9, 1.5, and 2 T) and pressures ( 32 and 64 mbar) are performed. The impact of experimental parameters such as laser power, beam pro. le, and shape of the pumping cell is evaluated. By varying the discharge intensity in the cell, the density of metastable state atoms and the plasma-induced nuclear relaxation rate are also controlled, and their effect on the MEOP efficiency can be investigated. Very accurate experimental results are obtained, opening the way to quantitative tests of a recently proposed model of the MEOP process at high magnetic field. We report selected MEOP results with nuclear polarizations exceeding 50 % at 64 mbar and 2 T, which represents a dramatic improvement in performances over MEOP at low magnetic field. The present findings suggest that still higher polarizations can be achieved in higher magnetic fields, and motivate investigations at higher gas pressures. New ways of producing hyperpolarized 3He for magnetic resonance imaging and medical applications can be envisaged, as most clinical whole-body scanners operate at 1.5 T.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02018581
Contributor : Geneviève Tastevin <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 13, 2019 - 10:03:08 PM
Last modification on : Monday, September 2, 2019 - 5:54:10 PM

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A. Nikiel, T. Palasz, M. Suchanek, M. Abboud, A. Sinatra, et al.. Metastability exchange optical pumping of He-3 at high pressure and high magnetic field for medical applications. European Physical Journal Special Topics, 2007, 144, pp.255-263. ⟨10.1140/epjst/e2007-00138-3⟩. ⟨hal-02018581⟩

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