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Thermodynamic Analysis of Organic/Inorganic Reactions Involving Sulfur: Implications for the Sequestration of H2s in Carbonate Reservoirs

Abstract : A thermodynamic analysis has been made of water-gas-rock-hydrocarbon interactions involving sulfur in carbonate reservoirs. Mineral-solution equilibria calculations indicate that formation waters produced from carbonate reservoirs at temperatures between 40°C and 160°C in the Paris Basin, Alberta Basin, and the North Sea are saturated with respect to calcite and dolomite, but undersaturated with respect to anhydrite. The calculations also suggest that increasing the activity of dissolved H2S (aH2S(aq)) in the reservoirs favors the formation of elemental sulfur, which constitutes a potential sequestration reaction for H2S. It is also shown that high partial pressures of H2S generated by thermochemical sulfate reduction in carbonate reservoirs may be controlled by metastable equilibrium states between hydrocarbons, organic sulfur compounds, elemental sulfur, and H2S at partial pressures which are 4 to 6 orders of magnitude higher than in clastic reservoirs where the H2S partial pressures are controlled by pyrite and iron carbonates. Depending on the H/C ratios of the hydrocarbons and organic sulfur compounds, H2S may be consumed or produced as a result of petroleum sulfurization reactions in carbonate reservoirs.
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L. Richard, N. Neuville, J. Sterpenich, E. Perfetti, J. C. Lacharpagne. Thermodynamic Analysis of Organic/Inorganic Reactions Involving Sulfur: Implications for the Sequestration of H2s in Carbonate Reservoirs. Oil & Gas Science and Technology - Revue d'IFP Energies nouvelles, Institut Français du Pétrole, 2005, 60 (2), pp.275-285. ⟨10.2516/ogst:2005017⟩. ⟨hal-02017205⟩

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