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Enhanced water repellency of surfaces coated with multiscale carbon structures

Abstract : Low cost and well characterized superhydrophobic surfaces are frequently required for industrial applications. Materials are commonly structured at the micro or nano scale. Surfaces decorated with nanotube derivatives synthesized by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) are of particular interest, since suitable modifications in the growth parameters can lead to numerous designs. In this article, we present surfaces that are selected for their specific wetting features with patterns ranging from dense forests to jungles with concave (re-entrant) surface such as flake-like multiscale roughness. Once these surfaces are functionalized adequately, their wetting properties are investigated. Their ability to sustain a superhydrophobic state for sessile water drops is examined. Finally, we propose a design to achieve a robust so-called “Fakir” state, even for micrometer-sized drops, whereas with classic nanotubes forests it is not achievable. Thus, the drop remains on the apex of the protrusions with a high contact angle and a low contact angle hysteresis, while the surface features demonstrate good mechanical resistance against capillary forces.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 31, 2019 - 12:12:42 PM
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Julien Marchalot, Stella M.M. Ramos, Christophe Pirat, Catherine Journet. Enhanced water repellency of surfaces coated with multiscale carbon structures. Applied Surface Science, Elsevier, 2018, 428, pp.364-369. ⟨10.1016/j.apsusc.2017.09.102⟩. ⟨hal-02001701⟩



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