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Probabilistic Collision Avoidance for Long-term Space Encounters via Risk Selection

Abstract : This paper deals with collision avoidance between two space objects involved in a long-term encounter, assuming Keplerian linearized dynamics. The primary object is an active spacecraft-able to perform propulsive maneuvers-originally set on a reference orbit. The secondary object-typically an orbital debris-is passive and represents a threat to the primary. The collision avoidance problem addressed in this paper aims at computing a fuel-optimal, finite sequence of impulsive maneuvers performed by the active spacecraft such that instantaneous collision probability remains below a given threshold over the encounter and that the primary object goes back to its reference trajectory at the end of the mission. Two successive relaxations are used to turn the original hard chance-constrained problem into a deterministic version that can be solved using mixed-integer linear programming solvers. An additional contribution is to propose a new algorithm to compute probabilities for 3-D Gaussian random variables to lie in Euclidean balls, enabling us to numerically validate the computed maneuvers by efficiently evaluating the resulting instantaneous collision probabilities.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 28, 2019 - 9:06:03 AM
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  • HAL Id : hal-01995936, version 1


Romain Serra, Denis Arzelier, Mioara Joldes, Aude Rondepierre. Probabilistic Collision Avoidance for Long-term Space Encounters via Risk Selection. Advances in Aerospace Guidance, Navigation and Control, 2015. ⟨hal-01995936⟩



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