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Analytical optimization of intermediate band systems: Achieving the best of two worlds

Abstract : Lagrange multipliers provide a powerful framework to devise the optimization of systems under constraints. It can be especially useful in the context of photovoltaics, where electrical or structural continuity relations impose connections between quantities, such as current matching between the different subcells of tandem devices. In this work, we apply this method to Intermediate band solar cell, an advanced concept for solar energy conversion in which 2 low‐energy photons can promote an electron to the conduction band through a so‐called intermediate band. We demonstrate that an intermediate band solar cell under solar spectrum cannot meet voltage preservation and current matching at the same time. By contrast, we show that the implementation of an energy shift (electronic ratchet) in any of the bands lifts one of the constraints set on the system and allows those 2 criteria to be filled simultaneously. Additional insights are provided by the numerical study of the short‐circuit current and fill factor of the systems at stake, which show that a system with ratchet benefits from the same current increase as a standard intermediate band solar cell (same short‐circuit current), while maintaining I‐V properties of a single junction (same open‐voltage circuit, same fill factor).
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01972817
Contributor : Jean-François Guillemoles Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, January 7, 2019 - 11:00:07 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 4, 2022 - 5:07:36 AM

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Daniel Suchet, Amaury Delamarre, Nicolas Cavassilas, Zacharie Jehl, yoshitaka Okada, et al.. Analytical optimization of intermediate band systems: Achieving the best of two worlds. Progress in Photovoltaics, Wiley, 2018, 26 (10), pp.800-807. ⟨10.1002/pip.3020⟩. ⟨hal-01972817⟩

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