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Interaction of TiO2 nanoparticles with proteins from aquatic organisms: the case of gill mucus from blue mussel

Abstract : To better understand the mechanisms of TiO2 nanoparticle (NP) uptake and toxicity in aquatic organisms, we investigated the interaction of NPs with the proteins found in gill mucus from blue mussels. Mucus is secreted by many aquatic organisms and is often their first line of defense against pathogens, xenobiotics, and other sources of environmental stress. Here, five TiO2 NPs and one SiO2 NP were incubated with gill mucus and run out on a one-dimensional polyacrylamide gel for a comparative qualitative analysis of the free proteins in the mucosal solution and the proteins bound to NPs. We then used nanoscale liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry to identify proteins of interest. Our data demonstrated dissimilar protein profiles between the crude mucosal solution and proteins adsorbed on NPs. In particular, extrapallial protein (EP), one of the most abundant mucus proteins, was absent from the adsorbed proteins. After thermal denaturation experiments, this absence was attributed to the EP content in aromatic amino acids that prevents protein unfolding and thus adsorption on the NP. Moreover, although the majority of the protein corona was qualitatively similar across the NPs tested here (SiO2 and TiO2), a few proteins in the corona showed a specific recruitment pattern according to the NP oxide (TiO2 vs SiO2) or crystal structure (anatase TiO2 vs rutile TiO2). Therefore, protein adsorption may vary with the type of NP. Graphical abstract Proteins with adsorption selectivity as identified from isolated bands.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01966733
Contributor : Régis Daniel <>
Submitted on : Saturday, December 29, 2018 - 3:33:54 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, May 1, 2021 - 3:51:28 AM

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Adeline Bourgeault, Véronique Legros, Florence Gonnet, Régis Daniel, Aurélie Paquirissamy, et al.. Interaction of TiO2 nanoparticles with proteins from aquatic organisms: the case of gill mucus from blue mussel. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Springer Verlag, 2017, 24 (15), pp.13474-13483. ⟨10.1007/s11356-017-8801-3⟩. ⟨hal-01966733⟩

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